Leading to the grassland in the north and facing the hinterland of the Central Plains in the south, Shanxi is not only of great military and strategic importance, but also the frontline area where the farming cultures and the northern steppe nationalities come to merge.
From the Han Dynasty onward, the nationalities in the north had continually collided with the Central Plains. Cultural exchanges and national amalgamation came along with frequent wars. Around the 3rd to 6th century, the Central Plains were in great tumult. Minorities in the north rose in succession. They occupied Shanxi and bestrode the Central Plains. The 300-year-long chaos and misery had brought about unprecedented national amalgamation in Chinese history. The ancient Chinese civilization, injected with so much fresh blood, accordingly heralded the peak of the Chinese feudal society ——the Tang Dynasty.
In Northern Dynasty, the international economic and cultural exchanges continued to expand in scale, resulting in prosperity along the Silk Road. Businessmen from Sute brought with them rare treasures and arts from countries in central and western Asia and the Mediterranean area. Pingcheng, the capital city of the Northern Wei Dynasty, and Jinyang the capital city of Northern Qi Dynasty, developed respectively into international cities. All the amazing archeological discoveries reflect the dazzling brilliance of interaction between Chinese and foreign cultures.